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15 January, 2020 Health News

Nut Consumption May Have a Protective Effect on Cardiometabolic Disease

Nut Consumption May Have a Protective Effect on Cardiometabolic Disease


A recent review, published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, aimed to determine if nut consumption decreased mortality and/or the risk of cardiometabolic diseases based on updated meta-analysis studies.


A search of updated meta-analysis studies was conducted in some databases, such as PubMed/MEDLINE and Cochrane Library, to examine the effects of nut consumption on cardiometabolic disease in humans. A total of seven meta-analysis were included in this review.
 
Results found that nut consumption significantly decreased cardiovascular disease mortality to -25%, coronary heart disease mortality to -30%, stroke mortality to -18%, cardiovascular disease incidence to -19%, coronary heart disease incidence to -34%, and stroke incidence to -11%, comparing high with low categories of nut consumption. In addition, fasting glucose (blood sugar) levels, total cholesterol and LDL “bad” cholesterol were significantly decreased with nut intake in comparison with the control diets (non-nut consumers).
 
The study concludes that nut consumption appears to bring a protective effect on cardiometabolic disease, possibly through improved concentrations of fasting blood sugar levels, total cholesterol, and LDL “bad” cholesterol.
 
Kim, Y., Keogh, J.B., Clifton, P.M. (2019). Does Nut Consumption Reduce Mortality and/or Risk of Cardiometabolic Disease? An Updated Review Based on Meta-Analyses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(24), 4957.
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